Gordon, Charles ___ 1833-1885 ___ British ___ soldier

BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY
Gordon was born in Woolwich, the son of a Royal Artillery officer, and entered the Royal Military Academy as a gentleman cadet when only 15. He had intended to follow his father into the artillery, but eventually graduated in 1852 as a second lieutenant in the Corp of Royal Engineers. After working on Pembroke Dock in Wales he sought, and achieved, a posting to Crimea. There he built huts for the troops in winter, and helped map the Russian trenches. He was present at the siege of Sevastopol, and was decorated for bravery by the French. In 1860, he volunteered for the 'Arrow' war against the Chinese, and, in 1862, his corps of engineers was assigned to strengthen the European trading centre of Shanghai, which was threatened by the insurgents of the Taiping Rebellion. For the best part of two years, he also commanded a large peasant force which helped defend the city. In 1865, he returned to England a hero, and was nicknamed 'Chinese Gordon'. In 1873 he was appointed governor of the province of Equatoria in the Sudan, and subsequently governor-general. During his time in Africa, he mapped the upper Nile and established a line of stations along the river as far south as present day Uganda; and he also crushed rebellions and helped suppress the slave trade. Ill health forced him back to England in 1880, but he returned to Sudan in 1884 to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum, threatened by Sudanese rebels. However, the rebels broke into the sieged city and Gordon was killed. Now he was nicknamed 'Gordon of Khartoum', and his death caused a public outcry in England and strong criticism of the way Prime Minister Gladstone had handled the Sudan situation.
A biography link
Wikipedia bio
The Diary Review - Imagine my feelings!

DIARY DATES, CONTENT DESCRIPTORS
1863 1884 ___ military social Egypt China

WEB TEXT LINKS
some mention
etext
etext
 

ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT LINKS
Royal Engineers Museum - possibly

SOME PUBLISHED TITLES
Journals of Major-Gen C. G. Gordon C.B., at Kartoum
General Gordon's Private Diary of His Exploits in China
 

May 2005, June 2008, April 2013
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IMPORTANT NOTES AND CAUTIONS: 1) The first line of basic information may be incomplete in several ways: some historical figures have different names (titles, pen-names); their birth and death dates may be unknown or uncertain (g - guess, c - circa); similarly, their occupations may be unknown, or they may have had other jobs; and, for early diarists, I've used 'British' a bit too freely. 2) The biographical summary may not be accurate. It was compiled quickly from various sources, mostly on the internet, and the facts were not checked anywhere near as rigorously as they would have been if they'd been intended for publication in a printed form. 3) The journal dates and descriptors (which are in no particular order) must be treated with caution: since I have not examined the diaries myself, the descriptors are only guesses based on bibliographies, anthologies and internet biographies. 4) For the biography and etext links, I have ignored any sites with charges, and I have avoided, wherever possible, those with pop-ups or too much advertising. I have limited myself to providing three etext links where there is some variety between them. 5) For the original manuscript links, I have limited myself to providing a maximum of two (although, for a few diarists, their original diaries are held in more than two places). 6) I have provided the titles - chosen randomly - for up to three printed editions of the diaries.

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